|Office: (734) 260-3410 Fax: (734) 895-7251
|Gutters and downspouts are constructed of many separate parts and pieces. Metal|
|guttering pieces are usually fastened together with sheet metal screws or pop rivets.|
|The basic gutter pieces are commonly offered in standard 10' lengths and are usually|
|made of aluminum, plastic or galvanized metal. These are the basic gutter materials used |
for most gutter and downspout installations.
|Spikes and ferrules hold the gutter to the wall of the house. The ferrule is inserted inside|
|the gutter and the spike is driven through the rim of the gutter and through the ferrule to |
hold the gutter in place.
|The slip connector is used to connect two pieces of guttering in the run. The connecting|
|joint is sealed with mastic or caulk to prevent leakage. Some brands of downspouts and |
gutters slip snugly together and need no mastic or caulk.
|The strap hanger is attached under the shingles or other roofing material and then to the|
|outside edge of the gutter, providing support for the run.|
|The end piece is available with an outlet for the downspout or for simply ending a gutter|
|The end cap ends the run of guttering and is available for left- or right-hand use. Some|
|styles must be sealed with either caulk or mastic.|
|The downspout takes the water out of the gutter and down to the drainage pipe or splash|
|block on the ground. It is attached to the gutter at the outlet in the end piece.|
|The conductor pipe band, or clincher, is a strap used to hold the downspout in place. It|
|is nailed or screwed to the outside wall to hold the downspout securely wherever |
necessary. This piece is available in various styles and types.
|Ball strainers can be inserted in the end piece to prevent leaves and other bulky material|
|from clogging the downspout or drainage pipes. Several other types of gutter covers are |
available as well. While not absolutely necessary, strainers and gutter covers can be
|In some cases, strap hangers are the wraparound type. The style of strap hanger you use|
|is more a matter of choice or manufacturer's design than of function.|
|An inside miter is used when it becomes necessary to make an inside turn in a gutter.|
|You can make outside turns in the guttering system by inserting an outside miter. Use|
|mastic or caulk for sealing the joint where either inside or outside miters are jointed to the |
|Some downspouts and elbows are round instead of square.|
|It sometimes becomes necessary to make turns in downspouts. When a turn is required|
|to pull the downspout toward or away from the house, use square elbows. Two of these |
elbows used together, make an offset of several inches in the downspout. The crimp in
downspouts and elbows usually makes mastic or caulk unnecessary at the joints.
|To make a turn in the downspout either to the left or right, use the square elbows. Two|
|of these elbows mounted together divert the direction of the downspout to the left or |
right by several inches.
|A square shoe is used at the bottom of the downspout. This turns the flow of water onto|
|a splash block where the downspout ends.|